Family Group Sheet
Family Group Sheet
NameBRUCE, Robert I, King Of Scotland , 20G Grandfather
Birth11 Jul 1274, Writtle, Essex, England
Death7 Jun 1329, Cardross, West Dumbartonshire, Scotland
BurialDunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland
OccupationKing Of Scotland 1306-1329
Misc. Notes
Robert I, King of Scotland (Robert the Bruce)
Robert I, known as Robert the Bruce, b. July 11, 1274, d. June 7, 1329, king of Scotland, restored Scottish independence from England. In 1292, Bruce's grandfather lost his claim to the Scottish throne to John de BALIOL in a succession suit decided by English King EDWARD I. During the next decade Bruce, then 8th earl of Carrick, switched his allegiance back and forth between Edward and the independence of Scotland.
After the execution (1305) of Sir William WALLACE, a national hero, Bruce, not fully trusted by either side, murdered his old enemy John Comyn. This act committed him to the Scottish patriots, because Comyn had inherited Baliol's claim to the throne and was supported by Edward. On Mar. 27, 1306, Bruce was crowned at Scone. Following major setbacks in 1306-07, he rallied from an apparently hopeless situation and began systematically winning back his kingdom from the English. On June 24, 1314, at the Battle of BANNOCKBURN, Bruce defeated EDWARD II, who had succeeded Edward I in 1307. This great victory established independence for Scotland and confirmed Bruce's claim to the throne. Robert I spent the remainder of his life fighting the English in Ireland and along the Scottish borders. In 1328, England formally recognized Scottish independence. Robert was succeeded by his son, DAVID II.

NOTES: He was originally named Robert de Bruce, and to
distinguish him from his father and grandfather, who had the
same name, he is often referred to as Robert de Brucce VIII.
He is also called Robert the Bruce. Bruce defeated the English
in 1314, twice invaded England and in 1323 concluded with
King Edward II of England a truce for 13 years. After the
accession of King Edward III in 1327, war again broke out
and the Scots were again victorious. In 1328 they secured a
treaty recognizing the independence of Scotland and the right
of Bruce to the throne. In his later years Bruce was stricken
with leprosy and lived in seclusion at Cardoss Castle, on the
northern shore of the Firth of Clyde, where he died. He was
succeeded by his son, David II. Bruce's nephew, Robert II,
who succeeded David, was the first king of the Stuart house
of English of English and Scottish royalty.

Charles H. Haws
Bibliography: Barrow, G. W. S., Robert Bruce (1965); Mackenzie, A. M., Robert Bruce, King of Scots (1934; repr. 1978).
Wiley A. Jarrell
15610 Edenvale
Friendswood Tx 77546
Grolier's Multimedia Encyclopedia
Marriageabt 1295
SpouseMACGYLOCHER, Countess Isabella Of Mar, 20G Grandmother
Birthabt 1277, Mar, Aberdeen, Scotland
Deathabt 1320
MotherHelen Of Wales (->1295)
1 FBRUCE, Marjorie, Princess, 19G Grandmother
Birthabt 1296, Dundonald, South Ayrshire, Scotland
Death2 Mar 1316, Scotland
SpouseWalter, High Steward Of Scotland , 19G Grandfather (1293-1326)
Last Modified 6 May 1999Created 23 Jan 2020 using Reunion for Macintosh
This info is base often times on multiple source - sometimes with conflicting information. Don’t use this data as the absolute truth, but rather one source of the data. Email me with additions, errors or questions.