Family Group Sheet
Family Group Sheet
NameWETTIN, Albert, Prince Consort Of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Marriage10 Feb 1840, St. James Palace, London, England
SpouseHANOVER, Victoria, Queen Of England , 15C4R
Birth24 May 1819, Kensington Palace, London, England
Death22 Nov 1901, Osborne House, Isle Of Wright
OccupationQueen Of Britain 1837-1901
Misc. Notes
William was succeeded by his niece, Victoria (reigned 1837-1901), aged 18. As women could not inherit the Hanoverian throne, that throne passed to Victoria's uncle; the union with Hanover had lasted 123 years. During the early years of her reign, Victoria was heavily influenced by her Prime Minister, Lord Melbourne, and (after her marriage in 1840) by her husband, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. The marriage was very happy and they had nine children, most of whom married into European royal families. In 1861, Albert died of typhoid. Victoria retreated into seclusion, but kept up her constitutional duties, eventually resuming her public life.

Victoria's long reign coincided with a fundamental change in the nature of the British monarchy by which its power declined and was replaced by influence. In 1837 the government was still seen to a large extent as the Sovereign's government. However, the defeat of Melbourne's government in the 1841 general election meant that, for the first time, the electorate had in effect chosen a Prime Minister (Peel) against the Sovereign's wishes. But since the political groups in Parliament were not wholly cohesive and none could form a majority on its own, the Queen could still exert influence. The coalition government of 1852, led by Aberdeen, was the last to be brought into existence by royal initiative, but royal support could not sustain this coalition when it was accused of incompetence during the Crimean War and it fell in 1855.

With the growth of the two-party system, which increasingly limited the Queen's power to choose her Prime Minister, her influence was directed more towards matters of government policy, particularly foreign affairs, and she was occasionally able to mediate in political crises.

In 1856, the Queen instituted the Victoria Cross, which was the highest award for valour open to all ranks, made from Russian guns captured in the Crimean War. In 1877, Victoria became Empress of India under the Royal Titles Act.

The Monarchy's importance increased at home and abroad. During Victoria's reign, the spread of self-government in the colonies (Dominions) coincided with a growth in imperial sentiment and the Queen's personal prestige. In 1897 the Queen celebrated her Diamond Jubilee amid scenes of popular enthusiasm. She had reigned longer than any other British monarch.
Birth9 Nov 1841, St. James Palace, London, England
Death6 May 1910, Buckingham Palace, London, England
3 FAlice, Princess, 16C3R
SpouseMarie, Grand Duchess (-1920)
9 FBeatrice, 16C3R
Last Modified 21 May 2000Created 23 Jan 2020 using Reunion for Macintosh
This info is base often times on multiple source - sometimes with conflicting information. Don’t use this data as the absolute truth, but rather one source of the data. Email me with additions, errors or questions.